The Basics

Mycelium is the fibrous body of fungi that grows radially and reproduces through its better known counterpart, the mushroom.

  1. Mycelium : The branching vegetative body of fungus consisting of a mass of hyphae that absorb nutrients from the environment and can produce mushrooms.
  2. Hyphae: Branching, filamentous structures that are the main mode of vegetative growth in mycelium.
  3. Mushroom: Fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of fungus that typically takes the form of a domed cap on a stem.
  4. Cap: Supports a mushroom’s spore-bearing surface.
  5. Gills: Ribs under the cap of some mushroom species that are used as a means of spore dispersal by some fungus.
  6. Spores: A unit of sexual/asexual reproduction in fungus produced in the gills of a mushroom. They are dispersed to begin the growth of new mycelium colonies.
  7. Stem/Stipe: Stalk-like feature supporting the cap of a mushroom.